99mTc-SnF2 colloid “LLK”: particle size, morphology, and leukocyte labelling behaviour

Journal article


McClelland, C., Onuegbulem, E., Carter, N., Leahy, M., O'Doherty, M., Pooley, F., O'Doherty, T., Newsam, R., Ensing, G. and Blower, P. 2003. 99mTc-SnF2 colloid “LLK”: particle size, morphology, and leukocyte labelling behaviour. Nuclear Medicine Communications. 24 (2), pp. 191-202. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mnm.0000057333.59072.1c
AuthorsMcClelland, C., Onuegbulem, E., Carter, N., Leahy, M., O'Doherty, M., Pooley, F., O'Doherty, T., Newsam, R., Ensing, G. and Blower, P.
Abstract

99mTc-SnF2 colloid (Radpharm LLK) leucocyte labelling agent is used in whole blood, exploiting phagocytosis. The objectives of this work were to optimize leucocyte labelling in leucocyte-enriched plasma, and to investigate: (i) the effect of temperature and other factors on labelling efficiency; (ii) the selectivity for different leucocyte types; (iii) the viability of the labelled cells and efflux of the radiolabel; and (iv) the physical characteristics of the colloid. Density gradient centrifugation was used to investigate the labelling efficiency, cell selectivity and efflux, Trypan blue to study the viability, and laser scattering, electron microscopy and membrane filtration to investigate particle size and morphology. Particles appeared as loose, coiled, chain-like aggregates of much smaller particles (<0.05 microm). The aggregate diameter ranged from <0.1 to >5 microm and increased with time. The distribution of radioactivity amongst the particle sizes varied widely. The labelling efficiency in leucocyte-rich plasma was enhanced at 37 degrees C compared to room temperature, and by centrifuging during labelling. The selectivity for different leucocyte types varied markedly between batches and blood samples, in some cases showing preference for mononuclear cells and in others for granulocytes. Viability was excellent and comparable with 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO)-labelled cells. A significant fraction of radiolabel, comparable to that observed with 99mTc-HMPAO, was lost from leucocytes during incubation in vitro over 4 h. Thus, 99mTc-SnF2 is a convenient, efficient labelling agent for leucocytes, but shows variable cell selectivity which may be linked to particle size variability, and there is significant efflux of radioactivity from labelled cells.

Year2003
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Journal citation24 (2), pp. 191-202
PublisherLippincott, Williams and Wilkins
ISSN0143-3636
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mnm.0000057333.59072.1c
Related URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/10933391_99mTc-SnF2_colloid_LLK_particle_size_morphology_and_leucocyte_labelling_behaviour
Publication dates
Print2003
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Jul 2015
Accepted09 Sep 2002
Output statusPublished
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