Masculinity, alexithymia and fear of intimacy as predictors of UK men’s attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help
Sullivan, L., Camic, P. and Brown, J. 2014. Masculinity, alexithymia and fear of intimacy as predictors of UK men’s attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help. British Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12089
|Authors||Sullivan, L., Camic, P. and Brown, J.|
Objectives. Men’s reluctance to access health care services has been under researched even though it has been identified as a potentially important predictor of poorer health outcomes amongst men. Male gender role socialization and male development may be important in accounting for men’s underutilization of mental health services in the United Kingdom.
Method. A cross-sectional online survey was used to administer standardized self-report measures that were subject to regression analysis. Five hundred and eighty-one men from the UK general population completed the survey, and 536 participants formed the final regression analysis.
Results. Men who score higher on measures of traditional masculine ideology, normative alexithymia, and fear of intimacy reported more negative attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help. Normative alexithymia fully mediated the effect of fear of intimacy on attitudes towards professional help seeking. In the final regression model, education significantly accounted for a proportion of unique variance in men’s help-seeking attitudes.
Conclusions. Hypothesized consequences of male emotional and interpersonal development and male gender role socialization were associated with men’s attitudes towards seeking psychological help. These are important factors which could help to improve help seeking and mental health outcomes for men. Limitations of this study and implications for future research are discussed.
|Keywords||Masculinity, alexithymia, fear of intimacy|
|Journal||British Journal of Health Psychology|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12089|
|30 Jan 2014|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||03 Mar 2014|
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