Critical issues in rape investigation: a UK perspective

Journal article


Tong, S., Horvath, M. and Williams, E. 2011. Critical issues in rape investigation: a UK perspective. The Journal of Criminal Justice Research. 1 (2), pp. 1-18.
AuthorsTong, S., Horvath, M. and Williams, E.
Abstract

This article examines a recent history of criminal justice reform to responses to the investigation of rape offences. Beginning with a selective overview of the professional development of detectives and criticisms relating to investigation of „low status‟ crimes this article points to the challenges in the professionalization of detectives in the context of investigative responses to marginalised victims. The paper goes on to outline police responses and evaluations of initiatives aimed at improving effectiveness before summarising the complexities and vulnerabilities faced by victims and how these experiences impact upon the likelihood of successful prosecution. Finally the paper summaries the main analysis and indentifies the key challenges to the criminal justice sector in improving responses to rape victims.

Year2011
JournalThe Journal of Criminal Justice Research
Journal citation1 (2), pp. 1-18
PublisherThe Institute for Criminal Justice Research & Consulting
ISSN2160-2816
Publication dates
Print02 Jan 2011
Publication process dates
Deposited23 Nov 2012
Output statusPublished
File
Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/86v4q/critical-issues-in-rape-investigation-a-uk-perspective

  • 29
    total views
  • 7
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Women police leaders in Europe: a tale of prejudice and patronage
Tong, S. and Silvestri, M. 2020. Women police leaders in Europe: a tale of prejudice and patronage. European Journal of Criminology.
The Schengen evaluation mechanism: exploring the views of experts in the field of police cooperation
Kaasik, J. and Tong, S. 2019. The Schengen evaluation mechanism: exploring the views of experts in the field of police cooperation. European Law Enforcement Research Bulletin. Winter (18), pp. 1-18.
Review article of Howard Williams and Melanie Giles, eds. Archaeologists and the dead: mortuary archaeology in contemporary society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016)
Williams, E. 2018. Review article of Howard Williams and Melanie Giles, eds. Archaeologists and the dead: mortuary archaeology in contemporary society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). European Journal of Archaeology. 21 (3), pp. 475-479. https://doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2018.19
Police learning in the context of change and diversity
Tong, S. and Green. T 2019. Police learning in the context of change and diversity. Policing: A Journal for Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paz069
Lesson-learning not blame: realistic or optimistic?
Heaton, R. and Tong, S. 2019. Lesson-learning not blame: realistic or optimistic? Police Professional.
Professionalizing criminal investigation: an examination of an early attempt to support specialization in criminal investigation
Tong, S. and O'Neill, M. 2019. Professionalizing criminal investigation: an examination of an early attempt to support specialization in criminal investigation. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paz010
Cluniac funerary practices
Williams, E. 2019. Cluniac funerary practices. in: Knusel, C., Schotsmans, E. and Castex, D. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Archaeothanatology London Routledge.
‘The people before us’ project: exploring heritage and well-being in a rapidly changing seaside town
Hardy, L. and Williams, E. 2019. ‘The people before us’ project: exploring heritage and well-being in a rapidly changing seaside town. in: Darvill, T., Heaslip, V. and Staelens, Y. (ed.) Historic Landscape and Mental Well-being Oxford Archaeopress.
Violence against women: public health or law enforcement problem or both?
Williams, E., Norman, J. and Nixon, K. 2018. Violence against women: public health or law enforcement problem or both? International Journal of Police Science and Management. 20 (3), pp. 196-206. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461355718793666
A systematic review of mental health and wellbeing outcomes of group singing for adults with a mental health condition
Williams, E., Dingle, G. and Clift, S. 2018. A systematic review of mental health and wellbeing outcomes of group singing for adults with a mental health condition. The European Journal of Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky115
Operational risk, omissions and liability in policing
Heaton, R., Bryant, R. and Tong, S. 2018. Operational risk, omissions and liability in policing. The Police Journal.
Police and higher education: prospects and challenges II workshop
Tong, S. 2017. Police and higher education: prospects and challenges II workshop.
Sink or swim: a cast study of detective training
Tong, S. 2017. Sink or swim: a cast study of detective training.
Mediating serious crime: an analysis of victim and prisoner mediation
Tong, S., Waters, B., Bryant, R., Williams, E. and Norman, J. 2017. Mediating serious crime: an analysis of victim and prisoner mediation.
Blackstone's handbook for policing students 2016
Graca, S., Lawton-Barrett, K., O'Neill, M., Tong, S., Underwood, R. and Wood, D. Bryant, R. and Bryant, S. (ed.) 2015. Blackstone's handbook for policing students 2016. Oxford Oxford University Press.
Kent and Medway: delivering a Brexit border: policing, security, freight and customs
Hadfield, A., Tong, S. and Centre for European Studies and the Canterbury Centre for Policing Research, Canterbury Christ Church University 2018. Kent and Medway: delivering a Brexit border: policing, security, freight and customs. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Los textiles elaborados con cuentas perforadas de Montelirio [the Montelirio beaded textiles]
Diaz-Guardamino Uribe, M., Wheatley, D., Williams, E. and Garrido Cordero, J. 2016. Los textiles elaborados con cuentas perforadas de Montelirio [the Montelirio beaded textiles]. in: Fernandez Florez, F., Garcia Sanjuan, L. and Diaz-Zorita Bonilla, M. (ed.) Montelirio: Un gran monumento megalitico de la Edad del Cobre Sevilla Junta de Andalucia.
Medieval monastic text and the treatment of the dead: an archaeothanatological perspective on adherence to the cluniac customaries
Williams, E. 2018. Medieval monastic text and the treatment of the dead: an archaeothanatological perspective on adherence to the cluniac customaries. in: Hausmair, B., Jervis, B., Nugent, R. and Williams, E. (ed.) Archaeologies of Rules and Regulation: Between Text and Practice Berghahn Books.
Holey goats: multiple cases of supratrochlear foramina in the humerus of caprines from the New Kingdom pharaonic town of Amara West, northern Sudan
Williams, E., Weinstock, J. and Spencer, N. 2017. Holey goats: multiple cases of supratrochlear foramina in the humerus of caprines from the New Kingdom pharaonic town of Amara West, northern Sudan. Environmental Archaeology: Journal of Human Palaeoecology. https://doi.org/10.1080/14614103.2017.1412005
Education and the police professionalisation agenda: a perspective from England and Wales
Tong, S. and Hallenberg, K. 2017. Education and the police professionalisation agenda: a perspective from England and Wales. in: Rogers, C. and Frevel, B. (ed.) Higher Police Education: An international perspective Springer International Publishing.
‘Set in stone?’
Heaton, R. and Tong, S. 2017. ‘Set in stone?’. Police Professional.
Researching sexual violence
Williams, E. and Stanko, B. 2016. Researching sexual violence. in: Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. (ed.) Policing Research: Taking Lessons from Practice Routledge.
Professionalising criminal investigation – an examination of early attempts to professionalise detectives in the United Kingdom
Tong, S. 2017. Professionalising criminal investigation – an examination of early attempts to professionalise detectives in the United Kingdom.
Evidence-based policing, professionalization and challenges to policing in Britain
Tong, S. 2017. Evidence-based policing, professionalization and challenges to policing in Britain.
Art, craft and science of policing
Tong, S. 2017. Art, craft and science of policing.
Conducting research into European policing'
Tong, S. 2017. Conducting research into European policing'.
Learning from mistakes? policing under siege: an examination of high profile criticisms of policing and potential responses
Tong, S. 2016. Learning from mistakes? policing under siege: an examination of high profile criticisms of policing and potential responses.
Professionalising policing: challenges in the role of education
Tong, S. 2016. Professionalising policing: challenges in the role of education.
Police reform workshop: professionalisation through education
Tong, S. 2016. Police reform workshop: professionalisation through education. European Police Research Institutes Collaboration (EPiC) Annual Conference. Cardiff University
Professionalising policing: seeking viable and sustainable approaches to police education and learning
Tong, S. 2017. Professionalising policing: seeking viable and sustainable approaches to police education and learning. European Police Science and Research Bulletin - Special Conference Edition. Summer (2017), pp. 171-178.
The importance of context and cognitive agency in developing police knowledge: going beyond the police science discourse
Wood, D., Cockcroft, T., Tong, S. and Bryant, R. 2017. The importance of context and cognitive agency in developing police knowledge: going beyond the police science discourse. The Police Journal. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032258X17696101
The politics of establishing reflexivity as a core component of good policing
Wood, D. and Williams, E. 2016. The politics of establishing reflexivity as a core component of good policing. in: Armstrong, S., Blaustein, J. and Henry, A. (ed.) Reflexivity and Criminal Justice. Intersections of Policy, Practice and Research London Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 215-236
History of criminal investigation
Tong, S. 2016. History of criminal investigation.
Training the effective detective: a case-study examining the role of training in learning to be a detective
Tong, S. 2005. Training the effective detective: a case-study examining the role of training in learning to be a detective. PhD Thesis University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology
Mediating serious crime: an analysis of adult prison restorative justice mediation
Bryant, R., Tong, S., Waters, B., Williams, E. and Norman, J. 2014. Mediating serious crime: an analysis of adult prison restorative justice mediation. London Nuffield Foundation.
Conclusion: challenges and changes in police research
Tong, S. and Martin, D. 2015. Conclusion: challenges and changes in police research. in: Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. (ed.) Introduction to Policing Research: Taking Lessons From Practice London Routledge. pp. 217-223
From the briefing room to the class room: the pedagogical value of researching police elites
Tong, S., Brunger, M., Caless, B. and Gilbert, P. 2015. From the briefing room to the class room: the pedagogical value of researching police elites. in: Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. (ed.) Introduction to Policing Research: Taking Lesson From Practice London Routledge. pp. 137-148
Introduction to policing research
Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. 2015. Introduction to policing research. in: Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. (ed.) Introduction to Policing Research: Taking Lessons From Practice London Routledge. pp. 1-5
Introduction to policing research: taking lessons from practice
Tong, S. Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. (ed.) 2015. Introduction to policing research: taking lessons from practice. London Routledge.
Women and police leadership: a European insight
Tong, S. and Silvestri, M. 2015. Women and police leadership: a European insight.
Evidence-based policing: from effectiveness to cost-effectiveness
Tong, S. and Heaton, R. 2016. Evidence-based policing: from effectiveness to cost-effectiveness. Policing: A Journal for Policy and Practice. 10 (1), pp. 60-70. https://doi.org/doi:10.1093/police/pav030
Leading policing in Europe: an empirical study of police leadership
Caless, B. and Tong, S. 2015. Leading policing in Europe: an empirical study of police leadership. Bristol Policy Press.
Leadership policing in Europe: an empirical study on police leadership
Caless, B. and Tong, S. 2015. Leadership policing in Europe: an empirical study on police leadership. European Police Science and Research Bulletin. Summer (12), pp. 13-17.
Watching the detectives: researching investigative practice
Hallenberg, K., O'Neill, M. and Tong, S. 2015. Watching the detectives: researching investigative practice. in: Brunger, M., Tong, S. and Martin, D. (ed.) Introduction to Policing Research: Taking Lessons From Practice London Routledge. pp. 101-117
Police education in England and Wales: a changing landscape
Tong, S. 2014. Police education in England and Wales: a changing landscape.
Gender and police leadership: time for a paradigm shift?
Silvestri, M., Tong, S. and Brown, J. 2013. Gender and police leadership: time for a paradigm shift? International Journal of Police Science and Management. 15 (1), pp. 61-72. https://doi.org/10.1350/ijps.2013.15.1.303
Evolving partnership and collaboration
Tong, S. 2013. Evolving partnership and collaboration.
Police training and education: past, present and future
Bryant, R., Cockcroft, T., Tong, S. and Wood, D. 2013. Police training and education: past, present and future. in: Brown, J. (ed.) The Future of Policing London Routledge.
Graduate police officers: releasing the potential for pre-employment university programmes for aspiring officers
Tong, S. and Wood, D. 2011. Graduate police officers: releasing the potential for pre-employment university programmes for aspiring officers. The Police Journal. 84 (1), pp. 69-74. https://doi.org/10.1350/pojo.2011.84.1.513
Privatisation of agencies in the public sector
Tong, S. 2013. Privatisation of agencies in the public sector.
The more serious the offence, the more powerful the effect? An evaluation of victim-offender mediation in a prison setting. Report for the European Forum for Restorative Justice, The 6th Biennial Forum Proceedings 2010.
Tong, S. and O'Mahoney, J. 2011. The more serious the offence, the more powerful the effect? An evaluation of victim-offender mediation in a prison setting. Report for the European Forum for Restorative Justice, The 6th Biennial Forum Proceedings 2010.
Investigative decision making: missing people and sexual offences, crossroads to an uncertain future
Alys, L., Massey, K. and Tong, S. 2012. Investigative decision making: missing people and sexual offences, crossroads to an uncertain future.
Submission to the Home Affairs Committee inquiry into leadership and standards in the police. (Written evidence.)
Bryant, R., Tong, S. and Wood, D. 2012. Submission to the Home Affairs Committee inquiry into leadership and standards in the police. (Written evidence.). London Home Office.
Graduate Police Officers: releasing the potential for pre-employment university programmes for aspiring police officers
Tong, S. 2010. Graduate Police Officers: releasing the potential for pre-employment university programmes for aspiring police officers.
Training the effective detective: report of recommendations
Tong, S. 2005. Training the effective detective: report of recommendations.
Watching the detectives
Tong, S. 2000. Watching the detectives.
Investigating effectiveness: competing ideologies and police performance management
Tong, S. 2002. Investigating effectiveness: competing ideologies and police performance management.
Three BOCU Improving Confidence Report
Williams, E. 2010. Three BOCU Improving Confidence Report. London Metropolitan Police Service.
Preliminary well being report into sickness and absenteeism within women officers and staff
Williams, E. and Jacobs, S. 2010. Preliminary well being report into sickness and absenteeism within women officers and staff.
Reviewing rape and rape allegations in London: what are the vulnerabilities of the victims who report to the police?
Williams, E. and Stanko, B. 2009. Reviewing rape and rape allegations in London: what are the vulnerabilities of the victims who report to the police? in: Horvath, M. and Brown, J. (ed.) Rape: Challenging Contemporary Thinking Cullompton Willan. pp. 207-228
Reflections from a Police Research Unit: an inside job
Dawson, P. and Williams, E. 2009. Reflections from a Police Research Unit: an inside job. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. 3 (4), pp. 373-380. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/pap043
Too little too late: assessing vulnerability
Williams, E., Norman, J. and Wünsch, D. 2009. Too little too late: assessing vulnerability. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. 3 (4), pp. 355-363. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/pap042
'Art, craft & science: contemporary detective practice’
Tong, S. 2010. 'Art, craft & science: contemporary detective practice’.
Police leadership: an historical account of the development of police leaders
Caless, B. and Tong, S. 2011. Police leadership: an historical account of the development of police leaders.
Restorative justice in prisons: a presentation to Kent Probation Service victim seminar
O'Mahoney, J. and Tong, S. 2011. Restorative justice in prisons: a presentation to Kent Probation Service victim seminar.
Skills and abilities in crime investigation: the investigative journalist versus the detective
Poyser, S. and Tong, S. 2011. Skills and abilities in crime investigation: the investigative journalist versus the detective.
Criminal investigation and higher education: a crossroads to an uncertain future
Murphy, R., Tong, S. and Underwood, R. 2011. Criminal investigation and higher education: a crossroads to an uncertain future.
Police research and interviewing police elites
Tong, S. 2011. Police research and interviewing police elites.
The science of criminal investigation
Tong, S. 2011. The science of criminal investigation.
The detective past and present: an examination of an evolving profession
Tong, S. 2011. The detective past and present: an examination of an evolving profession.
Policing research in an age of austerity
Brunger, M. and Tong, S. 2012. Policing research in an age of austerity.
Criminal investigation and higher education: a crossroads to an uncertain future
Massey, K. and Tong, S. 2012. Criminal investigation and higher education: a crossroads to an uncertain future.
ASC 547 higher education and policing. Report submitted to the Higher Education Academy Social Sciences Cluster
Bryant, R., Bryant, S., Tong, S. and Wood, D. 2012. ASC 547 higher education and policing. Report submitted to the Higher Education Academy Social Sciences Cluster. Higher Education Academy.
Discretion and decision making
Tong, S. and Wood, D. 2009. Discretion and decision making. The Police Online Knowledge Area (POLKA).
An appropriate space: chief officers and police accountability
Caless, B. and Tong, S. 2011. An appropriate space: chief officers and police accountability. Police Practice and Research. 14 (1). https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2011.645613
Investigative decision making: missing people and sexual offences, crossroads to an uncertain future
Tong, S., Massey, K. and Alys, L. 2013. Investigative decision making: missing people and sexual offences, crossroads to an uncertain future. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling. 10 (1). https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1382
Confessions of a back seat detective: an ethnography of detective training and practice
Tong, S. 2008. Confessions of a back seat detective: an ethnography of detective training and practice.
In need of professionalisation: the case for pre-employment training and education for police officers in the UK
Tong, S. 2008. In need of professionalisation: the case for pre-employment training and education for police officers in the UK.
Developments in initial police training: a university perspective
Tong, S. 2008. Developments in initial police training: a university perspective.
Applying for your first academic job
Tong, S. 2009. Applying for your first academic job.
Conducting research interviews in a policing context
Tong, S. 2009. Conducting research interviews in a policing context.
Interim report: An evaluation of adult prison RJ (Restorative Justice) mediation
Bryant, R., O'Mahoney, J., Waters, B. and Tong, S. 2009. Interim report: An evaluation of adult prison RJ (Restorative Justice) mediation. Canterbury, Kent, UK Canterbury Christ Church University.
Initial police training: challenges and developments in the UK
Phipps, J., Tong, S. and Wood, D. 2007. Initial police training: challenges and developments in the UK.
Adult prisoner victim-offender mediation: the Kent experience
O'Mahoney, J. and Tong, S. 2010. Adult prisoner victim-offender mediation: the Kent experience. Resolution: News from the Restorative Justice Council. 34, p. 8.
Interagency policing
Tong, S. 2008. Interagency policing. in: Newburn, T. and Neyroud, P. (ed.) Dictionary of Policing Abingdon, UK Willan Publishing. pp. 148-149
Professionalising investigation
Tong, S. 2009. Professionalising investigation. in: Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvarth, M. (ed.) Understanding Criminal Investigation Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 197-216
Assessing performance: quantity or quality?
Tong, S. 2009. Assessing performance: quantity or quality? in: Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvarth, M. (ed.) Understanding Criminal Investigation Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 135-171
Introduction: a brief history of criminal investigation
Tong, S. 2009. Introduction: a brief history of criminal investigation. in: Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvarth, M. (ed.) Understanding Criminal Investigation Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1-12
Police discretion: a British perspective
Tong, S. 2011. Police discretion: a British perspective. in: Palmiotto, M. and Unnithan, N. (ed.) Policing and Society: A Global Approach New York Cengage Learning.
Art, craft and science of detective work
Tong, S. and Bowling, B. 2006. Art, craft and science of detective work. The Police Journal. 79 (4), pp. 323-330. https://doi.org/10.1350/pojo.2006.79.4.323
Understanding criminal investigation
Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvath, M. Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvarth, M. (ed.) 2009. Understanding criminal investigation. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell.
Future challenges in criminal investigation
Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvath, M. 2009. Future challenges in criminal investigation. in: Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvarth, M. (ed.) Understanding Criminal Investigation Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 217-222
Criminal investigation in context
Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvath, M. 2009. Criminal investigation in context. in: Tong, S., Bryant, R. and Horvarth, M. (ed.) Understanding Criminal Investigation Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 171-196
The future of initial police training: a university perspective
Wood, D. and Tong, S. 2009. The future of initial police training: a university perspective. International Journal of Police Science and Management. 11 (3), pp. 294-305. https://doi.org/10.1350/ijps.2009.11.3.131